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ERIC Number: EJ1030357
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0175
The Impact of Type of Examples on Originality: Explaining Fixation and Stimulation Effects
Agogué, Marine; Kazakçi, Akin; Hatchuel, Armand; Le Masson, Pascal; Weil, Benoit; Poirel, Nicolas; Cassotti, Mathieu
Journal of Creative Behavior, v48 n1 p1-12 Mar 2014
There are obstacles to creativity: one of them is called fixation effect, the fact that some knowledge about existing or obvious solutions is spontaneously activated and constrains the generation of new solutions. Converging evidence in cognitive psychology has indicated that the ability to generate original ideas can be limited by recently activated knowledge, such as examples of solutions. On the other hand, neuroimaging studies have recently demonstrated that exposure to examples could, on the contrary, have a stimulating effect on originality. To make sense of what seems to be contradictory studies, we hypothesized that two types of examples could have opposite effects on originality: (1) restrictive examples--within the fixation effect--could lead to a reduction in the originality of the solutions, whereas (2) expansive examples--outside the fixation effect--could provoke solutions of higher originality. Results from a total of 160 participants confirmed that the solutions proposed by the group exposed to restrictive examples were less original than those given by the group exposed to expansive examples.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A