ERIC Number: EJ1030283
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
Doing More with Less: Verb Learning in Korean-Acquiring 24-Month-Olds
Arunachalam, Sudha; Leddon, Erin M.; Song, Hyun-joo; Lee, Yoonha; Waxman, Sandra R.
Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, v20 n4 p292-304 2013
Research on early word learning reveals that verbs present a unique challenge. While English-acquiring 24-month-olds can learn novel verbs and extend them to new scenes, they perform better in rich linguistic contexts (when novel verbs appear with lexicalized noun phrases naming the event participants) than in sparser linguistic contexts (Arunachalam & Waxman 2011) However, in languages like Korean, where noun phrases are often omitted when their referents are highly accessible, rich linguistic contexts are less frequent. The current study investigates the influence of rich and sparse linguistic contexts in verb learning in Korean-acquiring 24-month-olds. In contrast to their English-acquiring counterparts, 24-month-olds acquiring Korean perform better when novel verbs appear in sparse linguistic contexts. These results, which provide the first experimental evidence on early verb learning in Korean, indicate that the optimal context for verb learning depends on many factors, including how event participants are typically referred to in the language being acquired.
Descriptors: Verbs, Korean, Language Acquisition, Toddlers, Contrastive Linguistics, Nouns, Phrase Structure, Vocabulary Development, Language Research, Visual Stimuli, Auditory Stimuli, Familiarity, Games, Task Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A