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ERIC Number: EJ1029972
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar
Pages: 52
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0021-8251
Negative Integer Understanding: Characterizing First Graders' Mental Models
Bofferding, Laura
Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, v45 n2 p194-245 Mar 2014
This article presents results of a research study. Sixty-one first graders' responses to interview questions about negative integer values and order and directed magnitudes were examined to characterize the students' mental models. The models reveal that initially, students overrelied on various combinations of whole-number principles as they tried to understand negative integers. However, a significant number of students later developed formal mental models.
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. 1906 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191-1502. Tel: 800-235-7566; Tel: 703-620-3702; Fax: 703-476-2970; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A