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ERIC Number: EJ1029350
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Aug
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0309-8249
Wittgenstein, Social Views and Intransitive Learning
Bøyum, Steinar
Journal of Philosophy of Education, v47 n3 p491-506 Aug 2013
Wittgenstein often refers to matters of learning, and there have been efforts to extract a social conception of learning from his writings. In the first half of this article, I look at three such efforts, those of Meredith Williams, Christopher Winch, and David Bakhurst, and I say why I think these efforts fail. As I go on to argue, though, there is a fairly trivial sense in which learning is a social rather than a psychological phenomenon: ordinarily, there are public criteria for whether someone has learned something. Yet, in the second half of the article, I point to an exception to this general rule. Taking a cue from Wittgenstein, I call this "intransitive learning," as it refers to learning experiences where we cannot say what we have learned or where there simply isn't anything in particular that we have learned. This is a use that is not easily accommodated by received definitions of learning. It also represents a genuinely psychological use of the word "learn." In contrast to ordinary cases of learning, claims about intransitive learning function like expressions and are marked by first-person authority.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A