ERIC Number: EJ1029123
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Prospective Associations between Children's Preschool Emotional and Behavioral Problems and Kindergarten Classroom Engagement, and the Role of Gender
Searle, Amelia K.; Sawyer, Michael G.; Miller-Lewis, Lauren R.; Baghurst, Peter A.
Elementary School Journal, v114 n3 p380-405 Mar 2014
This 1-year prospective study aimed to examine associations between children's preschool emotional and behavioral problems and their kindergarten classroom engagement, and to identify any gender differences in this association. In preschool, parents and teachers completed questionnaires assessing aspects of children's (n = 575) emotional and behavioral problems. Teachers rated children's engagement levels 1 year later in kindergarten. Compared with girls, boys showed higher levels of preschool hyperactivity/inattention and conduct problems, and lower kindergarten engagement. Regression analyses revealed that boys' higher hyperactivity/inattention levels almost completely accounted for their engagement disadvantage. However, the lack of interactions suggested that emotional/behavioral problems were related to engagement similarly for boys and girls. Preschool emotional and behavioral problems appear to be important correlates of kindergarten engagement and may be worthwhile targets for early intervention. Though girls and boys may benefit similarly from interventions, boys are disadvantaged from preschool onward and may benefit from greater support.
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Kindergarten, Young Children, Emotional Problems, Behavior Problems, Learner Engagement, Gender Differences, Parents, Preschool Teachers, Hyperactivity, Attention, Regression (Statistics), Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Preschool Education; Kindergarten; Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A