ERIC Number: EJ1029082
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
High Prevalence of Hearing Loss at the Special Olympics: Is This Representative of People with Intellectual Disability?
Hey, C.; Fessler, S.; Hafner, N.; Lange, B. P.; Euler, H. A.; Neumann, K.
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, v27 n2 p125-133 Mar 2014
Background: The Healthy Hearing (HH) programme at the Special Olympics (SO) revealed hearing disorders in between 16 and 40% of athletes. However, it is not clear whether these prevalence represents the entire population with intellectual disability. Therefore, this study compares the hearing status of SO athletes with an intellectual disability (ID) to students with ID at a special needs school. Materials and Methods: The HH screening was performed in 637 athletes (mean age 27.1 years, range 9.7-70.6 years) during the 2008 German SO Summer Games - and in 198 special needs students (mean age 12.7 years, range 6.7-20.0 years). Results: Twenty-two per cent of athletes and 18% of students failed the HH screening. Approximately 60% of the total participants received recommendations for further follow-up and treatment without between-group differences. Conclusions: The results of the HH screening at SO events are assumed to be representative of children and adolescents with ID in special needs schools.
Descriptors: Athletics, Mental Retardation, Hearing Impairments, Athletes, Special Needs Students, Comparative Analysis, Screening Tests
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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