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ERIC Number: EJ1027875
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jun
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0007-0998
The Connection between Children's Knowledge and Use of Grapho-Phonic and Morphemic Units in Written Text and Their Learning at School
Bryant, Peter; Nunes, Terezinha; Barros, Rossana
British Journal of Educational Psychology, v84 n2 p211-225 Jun 2014
Background: Most psychologists who study children's reading assume that their hypotheses are relevant to children's success at school. This assumption is rarely tested. Aims: The study's aims were to see whether two successful measures of the processes underlying children's learning to read and write are related to their success in English, science, and mathematics as measured by school assessments. Sample: Data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children were available for between 2,500 and 5,900 children (in different analyses) on their use of grapho-phonic and morphemic units in reading and writing and on their achievement in Key Stage 2 and Key Stage 3 assessments. Method: Hierarchical multiple regressions assessed the relationship between children's use of grapho-phonic and morphemic units at 8- and 9-years and their performance in the Key Stage 2 (11-years) and Key Stage 3 (14-years) assessments in English, mathematics, and science. Results: The children's grapho-phonic and morphemic skills predicted their achievement in all three subjects at Key Stage 2, 3 years later, and at Key Stage 3, 5 years later, even after stringent controls for differences in age and IQ. The connection between the two types of orthographic skills and the children's educational success was largely mediated by their reading ability as measured by standardised tests. Conclusions: Children's knowledge and use of grapho-phonic and morphemic rules has a lasting effect on the progress that they make at school. This knowledge has an impact on their reading ability which in turn affects their success in learning about English, mathematics and science.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A