ERIC Number: EJ1027641
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 36
Motivational Climate, Staff and Members' Behaviors, and Members' Psychological Well-Being at a National Fitness Franchise
Brown, Theresa C.; Fry, Mary D.
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v85 n2 p208-217 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between members' perceptions of staff's behaviors, motivational climate, their own behaviors, commitment to future exercise, and life satisfaction in a group-fitness setting. The theory-driven hypothesized mediating role of perceptions of the climate was also tested. Method: Members (N = 5,541) of a national group-fitness studio franchise completed a survey regarding their class experiences. The survey included questions that measured participants' perceptions of the motivational climate (caring, task-involving, ego-involving), perceptions of staff's behaviors, their own behaviors, commitment to exercise, and life satisfaction. Structural equation modeling was used to assess both the association between variables and the theoretically driven predictive relationships. Results: The participants perceived the environment as highly caring and task-involving and low ego-involving. They reported high exercise commitment and moderately high life satisfaction and perceived that the staff's and their own behaviors reflected caring, task-involving characteristics. Structural equation modeling demonstrated that those who perceived a higher caring, task-involving climate and lower ego-involving climate were more likely to report more task-involving, caring behaviors among the staff and themselves as well as greater commitment to exercise. In addition, a theory-driven mediational model suggested that staff behaviors may be an antecedent to members' exercise experiences by impacting their perceptions of the climate. Conclusions: The results of this study give direction to specific behaviors in which staff of group-fitness programs might engage to positively influence members' exercise experiences.
Descriptors: Physical Fitness, National Surveys, Clubs, Group Membership, Exercise, Motivation, Health Behavior, Life Satisfaction, Caring, Structural Equation Models, Correlation, Self Concept, Well Being, Regression (Statistics), Online Surveys, Teacher Attitudes, Questionnaires, Attitude Measures, Rating Scales, Statistical Distributions, Persistence
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A