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ERIC Number: EJ1027556
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0009-3920
Preschoolers Selectively Infer History When Explaining Outcomes: Evidence from Explanations of Ownership, Liking, and Use
Nancekivell, Shaylene E.; Friedman, Ori
Child Development, v85 n3 p1236-1247 May-Jun 2014
Two experiments provide evidence that preschoolers selectively infer history when explaining outcomes and infer past events that could have plausibly happened. In Experiment 1, thirty-three 3-year-olds and thirty-six 4-year-olds explained why a character owns or likes certain objects. In Experiment 2, thirty-four 4-year-olds and thirty-six 5-year-olds explained why a character either owns or is using the objects. Children aged 4 and 5 years, but not 3 years, inferred history when explaining ownership, but not when explaining liking or use. They also tailored their explanations to reflect likelihood, allowing them to infer plausible past events. These findings are informative about the development of children's ability to infer history in their explanations and also suggest that preschoolers appreciate that ownership depends on past investment.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A