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ERIC Number: EJ1027464
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0009-3920
Social Identity Complexity, Cross-Ethnic Friendships, and Intergroup Attitudes in Urban Middle Schools
Knifsend, Casey A.; Juvonen, Jaana
Child Development, v85 n2 p709-721 Mar-Apr 2014
This study investigated contextual antecedents (i.e., cross-ethnic peers and friends) and correlates (i.e., intergroup attitudes) of social identity complexity in seventh grade. Social identity complexity refers to the perceived overlap among social groups with which youth identify. Identifying mostly with out-of-school sports, religious affiliations, and peer crowds, the ethnically diverse sample (N = 622; M[subscript age] in seventh grade = 12.56) showed moderately high complexity. Social identity complexity mediated the link between cross-ethnic friendships and ethnic intergroup attitudes, but only when adolescents had a high proportion of cross-ethnic peers at school. Results are discussed in terms of how school diversity can promote complex social identities and positive intergroup attitudes.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 7; Middle Schools; Junior High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A