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ERIC Number: EJ1027462
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0009-3920
Psychosocial Benefits of Cross-Ethnic Friendships in Urban Middle Schools
Graham, Sandra; Munniksma, Anke; Juvonen, Jaana
Child Development, v85 n2 p469-483 Mar-Apr 2014
To examine the unique functions of same- and cross-ethnic friendships, Latino (n = 536) and African American (n = 396) sixth-grade students (M[subscript age] = 11.5 years) were recruited from 66 classrooms in 10 middle schools that varied in ethnic diversity. Participants reported on the number of same- and cross-ethnic friends, perceived vulnerability, friendship quality, and the private regard dimension of ethnic identity. Whereas same-ethnic friendships were uniquely associated with stronger private regard, more ethnic diversity and cross-ethnic friendships were uniquely associated with less perceived vulnerability. Multilevel structural equation modeling tested whether cross-ethnic friendships mediated the diversity-vulnerability relation. Although cross-ethnic friendships did not significantly mediate this relation at the classroom level, these friendships predicted less vulnerability at the individual student level.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A