ERIC Number: EJ1027446
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
The Reciprocal Links between School Engagement, Youth Problem Behaviors, and School Dropout during Adolescence
Wang, Ming-Te; Fredricks, Jennifer A.
Child Development, v85 n2 p722-737 Mar-Apr 2014
Drawing on the self-system model, this study conceptualized school engagement as a multidimensional construct, including behavioral, emotional, and cognitive engagement, and examined whether changes in the three types of school engagement related to changes in problem behaviors from 7th through 11th grades (approximately ages 12-17). In addition, a transactional model of reciprocal relations between school engagement and problem behaviors was tested to predict school dropout. Data were collected on 1,272 youth from an ethnically and economically diverse county (58% African American, 36% European American; 51% females). Results indicated that adolescents who had declines in behavioral and emotional engagement with school tended to have increased delinquency and substance use over time. There were bidirectional associations between behavioral and emotional engagement in school and youth problem behaviors over time. Finally, lower behavioral and emotional engagement and greater problem behaviors predicted greater likelihood of dropping out of school.
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Behavior Problems, Dropouts, Adolescents, At Risk Students, Secondary School Students, Student Diversity, Predictor Variables, Delinquency, Substance Abuse, Correlation, Emotional Response, Dropout Research
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 7; Grade 8; Grade 9; Grade 10; Grade 11; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A