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ERIC Number: EJ1027436
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0009-3920
Effortful Control Moderates Bidirectional Effects between Children's Externalizing Behavior and Their Mothers' Depressive Symptoms
Choe, Daniel E.; Olson, Sheryl L.; Sameroff, Arnold J.
Child Development, v85 n2 p643-658 Mar-Apr 2014
This study examined bidirectional associations between mothers' depressive symptoms and children's externalizing behavior and whether they were moderated by preschool-age effortful control and gender. Mothers and teachers reported on 224 primarily White, middle-class children at ages 3, 5, and 10. Effortful control was assessed via behavioral battery and mother ratings. Structural equation modeling indicated that maternal depressive symptoms at child age 3 predicted more externalizing behavior at age 10 among children with low effortful control and among boys. Externalizing behavior at age 3 predicted fewer depressive symptoms at the age 10 assessments among mothers of children with high effortful control. Boys with suboptimal self-regulation exposed to high levels of maternal depressive symptoms were at greatest risk for school-age behavioral problems.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education; Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A