ERIC Number: EJ1027436
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Effortful Control Moderates Bidirectional Effects between Children's Externalizing Behavior and Their Mothers' Depressive Symptoms
Choe, Daniel E.; Olson, Sheryl L.; Sameroff, Arnold J.
Child Development, v85 n2 p643-658 Mar-Apr 2014
This study examined bidirectional associations between mothers' depressive symptoms and children's externalizing behavior and whether they were moderated by preschool-age effortful control and gender. Mothers and teachers reported on 224 primarily White, middle-class children at ages 3, 5, and 10. Effortful control was assessed via behavioral battery and mother ratings. Structural equation modeling indicated that maternal depressive symptoms at child age 3 predicted more externalizing behavior at age 10 among children with low effortful control and among boys. Externalizing behavior at age 3 predicted fewer depressive symptoms at the age 10 assessments among mothers of children with high effortful control. Boys with suboptimal self-regulation exposed to high levels of maternal depressive symptoms were at greatest risk for school-age behavioral problems.
Descriptors: Correlation, Behavior Problems, Depression (Psychology), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Mothers, Preschool Children, Gender Differences, Teacher Attitudes, Age Differences, Parent Attitudes, Elementary School Students, Self Control, Structural Equation Models, Predictor Variables, At Risk Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education; Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A