ERIC Number: EJ1027280
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Genetic Variation in COMT Activity Impacts Learning and Dopamine Release Capacity in the Striatum
Simpson, Eleanor H.; Morud, Julia; Winiger, Vanessa; Biezonski, Dominik; Zhu, Judy P.; Bach, Mary Elizabeth; Malleret, Gael; Polan, H. Jonathan; Ng-Evans, Scott; Phillips, Paul E. M.; Kellendonk, Christoph; Krandel, Eric R.
Learning & Memory, v21 n4 p205-214 Apr 2014
A common genetic polymorphism that results in increased activity of the dopamine regulating enzyme COMT (the "COMT Val" [superscript 158] allele) has been found to associate with poorer cognitive performance and increased susceptibility to develop psychiatric disorders. It is generally assumed that this increase in COMT activity influences cognitive function and psychiatric disease risk by increasing dopamine turnover in cortical synapses, though this cannot be directly measured in humans. Here we explore a novel transgenic mouse model of increased COMT activity, equivalent to the relative increase in activity observed with the human "COMT Val" [superscript 158] allele. By performing an extensive battery of behavioral tests, we found that COMT overexpressing mice (COMT-OE mice) exhibit cognitive deficits selectively in the domains that are affected by the "COMT Val" [superscript 158] allele, stimulus-response learning and working memory, functionally validating our model of increased COMT activity. Although we detected no changes in the level of markers for dopamine synthesis and dopamine transport, we found that COMT-OE mice display an increase in dopamine release capacity in the striatum. This result suggests that increased COMT activity may not only affect dopamine signaling by enhancing synaptic clearance in the cortex, but may also cause changes in presynaptic dopamine function in the striatum. These changes may underlie the behavioral deficits observed in the mice and might also play a role in the cognitive deficits and increased psychiatric disease risk associated with genetic variation in COMT activity in humans.
Descriptors: Genetics, Cognitive Ability, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Animals, Cognitive Psychology, Behavior, Neurological Impairments, Memory, Responses, Metabolism
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A