ERIC Number: EJ1027020
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Face Recognition and Description Abilities in People with Mild Intellectual Disabilities
Gawrylowicz, Julie; Gabbert, Fiona; Carson, Derek; Lindsay, William R.; Hancock, Peter J. B.
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, v26 n5 p435-446 Sep 2013
Background: People with intellectual disabilities (ID) are as likely as the general population to find themselves in the situation of having to identify and/or describe a perpetrator's face to the police. However, limited verbal and memory abilities in people with ID might prevent them to engage in standard police procedures. Method: Two experiments examined face recognition and description abilities in people with mild intellectual disabilities (mID) and compared their performance with that of people without ID. Experiment 1 used three old/new face recognition tasks. Experiment 2 consisted of two face description tasks, during which participants had to verbally describe faces from memory and with the target in view. Results: Participants with mID performed significantly poorer on both recognition and recall tasks than control participants. However, their group performance was better than chance and they showed variability in performance depending on the measures introduced. Conclusions: The practical implications of these findings in forensic settings are discussed.
Descriptors: Recognition (Psychology), Mild Mental Retardation, Visual Perception, Comparative Analysis, Human Body, Memory, Recall (Psychology), Crime, Police
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A