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ERIC Number: EJ1026804
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Nov
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-4391
Waist-to-Height Ratio and Body Mass Index as Indicators of Cardiovascular Risk in Youth
Keefer, Daniel J.; Caputo, Jennifer L.; Tseh, Wayland
Journal of School Health, v83 n11 p805-809 Nov 2013
Background: The purpose of this investigation was to determine if waist-to-height ratio (WHTR) or body mass index (BMI) is the better indicator of cardiovascular disease risk in children and adolescents of varying ages. Methods: Data from children and adolescents (N?=?2300) who were part of the 2003-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were analyzed. Chi-square analyses (2?x?2) were used to compare risk levels of WHTR (>0.50) and BMI (greater than 85th percentile) to systolic blood pressure (SBP) (>90th percentile) as well as total cholesterol (TC) (>200?mg.dL[superscript -1]) for the entire cohort and specified age groups. Results: Significant relationships were detected between SBP and WHTR and BMI, respectively, for the entire cohort as well as the 2 oldest subsamples. A significant association was also noted for both WHTR and BMI to TC for the entire sample and the eldest age group. Conclusions: A significant association was observed between indicators of cardiovascular health risk and both WHTR and BMI in the entire NHANES cohort of boys and girls as well as in the older age groups. The younger groups of participants did not display a notable link between these cardiovascular indicators and WHTR or BMI.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A