ERIC Number: EJ1026537
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Social Comparison in Physical Education: An Examination of the Relationship between Two Frames of Reference and Engagement, Disaffection, and Physical Self-Concept
Barnes, Jemima S.; Spray, Christopher M.
Psychology in the Schools, v50 n10 p1060-1072 Dec 2013
Drawing from theory and research into social comparison processes, the present study sought to determine children's motives for comparison in addition to the coexistence of class and individual comparisons in school physical education. The main and interactive effects of these types of comparisons were examined in relation to pupils' physical self-concept, as well as self-reported behavioral engagement and disaffection in class. In total, 545 children (M[subscript age] = 13.89 years, SD = 1.57 years) from two schools in England completed the questionnaire. Moderated hierarchical regression analysis demonstrated that the higher a child's perception of his or her ability was compared with his or her classmates, the greater the level of engagement and physical self-concept and the lower the level of disaffection. Interaction analysis showed that when perceived ability with reference to the class was low, a downward comparison with an individual enhanced engagement, but this was not the case when perceived ability was high. Findings suggest that further research into social comparison processes in this setting is warranted.
Descriptors: Social Influences, Motivation, Competition, Physical Education, Student Behavior, Learner Engagement, Foreign Countries, Questionnaires, Regression (Statistics), Self Concept, Comparative Analysis, Interaction, Children
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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