ERIC Number: EJ1026303
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 42
Forced Choice or Free Choice?: The Role of Question Formats in Predicting Speaking and Writing Skills of Nonnative Speakers of English
Pae, Hye K.
Educational Assessment, v19 n2 p97-115 2014
This study investigated the role of item formats in the performance of 206 nonnative speakers of English on expressive skills (i.e., speaking and writing). Test scores were drawn from the field test of the "Pearson Test of English Academic" for Chinese, French, Hebrew, and Korean native speakers. Four item formats, including multiple-choice questions asking for a single answer (SAMC), multiple-choice questions allowing for multiple answers (MAMC), gap-filling, and summarizing items, were examined in relation to expressive skills. The results showed that, although the four groups showed different score distributions, their first language itself did not account for a significant variance in the expressive skills. The summarizing item format assessing listening skills accounted for the greatest variance in the test takers' expressive skills. The SAMC format explained consistently a smaller variance than that of MAMC in the expressive skills measured. Unlike the findings of previous research, no gender difference was found.
Descriptors: Test Items, Test Format, Speech Skills, Writing Skills, English (Second Language), Scores, Multiple Choice Tests, Language Tests, Chinese, French, Semitic Languages, Korean, Differences, Statistical Analysis, Regression (Statistics), Gender Differences, Adults
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A