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ERIC Number: EJ1026300
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1062-7197
Exploring the Utility of Background and Cognitive Variables in Explaining Latent Differential Item Functioning: An Example of the PISA 2009 Reading Assessment
Chen, Ying-Fang; Jiao, Hong
Educational Assessment, v19 n2 p77-96 2014
Differential item functioning (DIF) may be caused by an interaction of multiple manifest grouping variables or unexplored manifest variables, which cannot be detected by conventional DIF detection methods that are based on a single manifest grouping variable. Such DIF may be detected by a latent approach using the mixture item response theory model and subsequently explained by multiple manifest variables. This study facilitates the interpretation of latent DIF with the use of background and cognitive variables. The PISA 2009 reading assessment and student survey are analyzed. Results show that members in manifest groups were not homogenously advantaged or disadvantaged and that a single manifest grouping variable did not suffice to be a proxy of latent DIF. This study also demonstrates that DIF items arising from the interaction of multiple variables can be effectively screened by the latent DIF analysis approach. Background and cognitive variables jointly well predicted latent class membership.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A