ERIC Number: EJ1026004
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Childhood Poverty, Chronic Stress, and Young Adult Working Memory: The Protective Role of Self-Regulatory Capacity
Evans, Gary W.; Fuller-Rowell, Thomas E.
Developmental Science, v16 n5 p688-696 Sep 2013
Prior research shows that childhood poverty as well as chronic stress can damage children's executive functioning (EF) capacities, including working memory. However, it is also clear that not all children suffer the same degree of adverse consequences from risk exposure. We show that chronic stress early in life (ages 9-13) links childhood poverty from birth to age 13 to young adult working memory. However, 9-year-olds high in self-regulatory capacity, assessed by a standard delay of gratification protocol, are protected from such insults. Self-regulatory skills may afford the developing prefrontal cortex some protection from childhood poverty.
Descriptors: Poverty, Stress Variables, Children, Child Development, Executive Function, Short Term Memory, At Risk Persons, Environmental Influences, Early Adolescents, Young Adults, Correlation, Self Control, Delay of Gratification, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A