ERIC Number: EJ1025832
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Selective, but Only if It Is Free: Children Trust Inaccurate Individuals More When Alternative Sources Are Costly
Brosseau-Liard, Patricia E.
Infant and Child Development, v23 n2 p194-209 Mar-Apr 2014
The present research examines the effect of the costliness of an information source on children's selective learning. In three experiments (total N?=?112), 4-to 7-year-olds were given the opportunity to acquire and endorse information from one of two sources. One source, a computer, was described as always accurate; the other source, a puppet, had a history of either accuracy or inaccuracy. For some children, learning from the computer required giving away stickers. The costliness of the computer clue reduced children's use of this source across all experiments, but its effect on children's use of the puppet varied based on the puppet's accuracy and the type of information learned. Children's trust in the puppet was above chance regardless of the cost of the computer when they were learning generalizable semantic information and the puppet had a history of accuracy. When the puppet was inaccurate or when children learned episodic information, the costliness of the computer significantly increased children's trust in the puppet. Hence, attaching a cost to a preferred knowledge source reduces children's selectivity and increases their trust in sources that they would not otherwise see as desirable.
Descriptors: Young Children, Learning, Trust (Psychology), Accuracy, Information Sources, Costs, Generalization
Wiley-Blackwell. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8598; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A