ERIC Number: EJ1025769
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 63
Early Temperament and Attachment Security with Mothers and Fathers as Predictors of Toddler Compliance and Noncompliance
Lickenbrock, Diane M.; Braungart-Rieker, Julia M.; Ekas, Naomi V.; Zentall, Shannon R.; Oshio, Toko; Planalp, Elizabeth M.
Infant and Child Development, v22 n6 p580-602 Nov-Dec 2013
This longitudinal study (n?=?106) examined associations between temperament, attachment, and styles of compliance and noncompliance. Infant negative temperamental reactivity was reported by mothers at 3, 5 and 7?months. Infant attachment was assessed (Strange Situation) at 12 (mothers) and 14?months (fathers). Toddlers' styles of compliance/noncompliance were measured using two laboratory contexts (clean-up/delay) at 20?months. Results indicated that temperament and attachment predicted toddler behaviour. Toddlers who were secure with mothers and low in temperamental negative reactivity showed more committed compliance than those who were insecure and low in negative reactivity or secure and high in negative reactivity. In addition, interactions revealed that relations between infant-mother attachment and defiance depended on infant-father attachment security, temperament and context. Findings highlight the differential and complex roles of temperament and attachment as potential precursors of later social competence.
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Personality Traits, Attachment Behavior, Parent Child Relationship, Mothers, Fathers, Compliance (Psychology), Age Differences, Toddlers, Infants, Interpersonal Competence
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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