ERIC Number: EJ1025757
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Sensory Discrimination, Working Memory and Intelligence in 9-Year-Old and 11-Year-Old Children
Voelke, Annik E.; Troche, Stefan J.; Rammsayer, Thomas H.; Wagner, Felicitas L.; Roebers, Claudia M.
Infant and Child Development, v22 n5 p523-538 Sep-Oct 2013
More than a century ago, Galton and Spearman suggested that there was a functional relationship between sensory discrimination ability and intelligence. Studies have since been able to confirm a close relationship between general discrimination ability (GDA) and IQ. The aim of the present study was to assess whether this strong relationship between GDA and IQ could be due to working memory (WM) demands of GDA tasks. A sample of 140 children (seventy 9-year-olds and seventy 11-year-olds) was studied. Results showed that there was a significant overlap between WM, GDA and fluid intelligence. Furthermore, results also revealed that WM could not explain the relationship between GDA and fluid intelligence as such, but that it acted as a bottleneck of information processing, limiting the influence of GDA on the prediction of fluid intelligence. Specifically, GDA's influence on the prediction of intelligence was only visible when WM capacity was above a certain level.
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Children, Age Differences, Correlation, Cognitive Ability, Intelligence Quotient, Sensory Experience, Perceptual Development, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A