ERIC Number: EJ1025698
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Evaluations versus Expectations: Children's Divergent Beliefs about Resource Distribution
DeJesus, Jasmine M.; Rhodes, Marjorie; Kinzler, Katherine D.
Cognitive Science, v38 n1 p178-193 Jan-Feb 2014
Past research reveals a tension between children's preferences for egalitarianism and ingroup favoritism when distributing resources to others. Here we investigate how children's evaluations and expectations of others' behaviors compare. Four- to 10-year-old children viewed events where individuals from two different groups distributed resources to their own group, to the other group, or equally across groups. Groups were described within a context of intergroup competition over scarce resources. In the "Evaluation" condition, children were asked to evaluate which resource distribution actions were nicer. In the "Expectation" condition, children were asked to predict which events were more likely to occur. With age, children's evaluations and expectations of others' actions diverged: Children evaluated egalitarian actions as nicer yet expected others to behave in ways that benefit their own group. Thus, children's evaluations about the way human social actors should behave do not mirror their expectations concerning those individuals' actions.
Descriptors: Children, Expectation, Behavior, Cognitive Science, Resource Allocation, Competition, Evaluation, Prediction, Age Differences, Justice, Social Behavior
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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