ERIC Number: EJ1025330
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Temperament Moderates Associations between Exposure to Stress and Children's Externalizing Problems
Schermerhorn, Alice C.; Bates, John E.; Goodnight, Jackson A.; Lansford, Jennifer E.; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Pettit, Gregory S.
Child Development, v84 n5 p1579-1593 Sep-Oct 2013
The interaction between a temperament profile (four groups determined by high vs. low resistance to control [unmanageability] and unadaptability [novelty distress]) and family stress in predicting externalizing problems at school in children followed from kindergarten through eighth grade (ages 5-13) was investigated. The sample consisted of 556 families (290 boys). At Time 1 just prior to kindergarten, mothers retrospectively reported on their child's temperament during infancy. Each year, mothers reported stress and teachers reported children's externalizing problems. Temperament profile was tested as a moderator of the stress-externalizing association for various time periods. Results indicated that the combination of high resistance to control and high unadaptability strengthens the stress-externalizing association. Findings are discussed in terms of possible underlying mechanisms.
Descriptors: Personality, Anxiety, Antisocial Behavior, Children, Longitudinal Studies, Behavior Problems, Resistance (Psychology), Adjustment (to Environment), Child Behavior
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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