ERIC Number: EJ1025323
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
A Stereotype Threat Account of Boys' Academic Underachievement
Hartley, Bonny L.; Sutton, Robbie M.
Child Development, v84 n5 p1716-1733 Sep-Oct 2013
Three studies examined the role of stereotype threat in boys' academic underachievement. Study 1 (children aged 4-10, n = 238) showed that girls from age 4 years and boys from age 7 years believed, and thought adults believed, that boys are academically inferior to girls. Study 2 manipulated stereotype threat, informing children aged 7-8 years (n = 162) that boys tend to do worse than girls at school. This manipulation hindered boys' performance on a reading, writing, and math test, but did not affect girls' performance. Study 3 counteracted stereotype threat, informing children aged 6-9 years (n = 184) that boys and girls were expected to perform similarly. This improved the performance of boys and did not affect that of girls.
Descriptors: Males, Academic Achievement, Underachievement, Sex Stereotypes, Social Psychology, Females, Beliefs, Social Attitudes, Reading Tests, Writing Tests, Mathematics Tests, Gender Differences, Children
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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