ERIC Number: EJ1025264
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Developmental Changes in Executive Functioning
Lee, Kerry; Bull, Rebecca; Ho, Ringo M. H.
Child Development, v84 n6 p1933-1953 Nov-Dec 2013
Although early studies of executive functioning in children supported Miyake et al.'s (2000) three-factor model, more recent findings supported a variety of undifferentiated or two-factor structures. Using a cohort-sequential design, this study examined whether there were age-related differences in the structure of executive functioning among 6-to 15-year-olds (N = 688). Children were tested annually on tasks designed to measure updating and working memory, inhibition, and switch efficiency. There was substantial task-based variation in developmental patterns on the various tasks. Confirmatory factor analyses and tests for longitudinal factorial invariance showed that data from the 5-to 13-year-olds conformed to a two-factor structure. For the 15-year-olds, a well-separated three-factor structure was found.
Descriptors: Executive Function, Age Differences, Children, Adolescents, Short Term Memory, Inhibition, Cognitive Processes, Child Development, Adolescent Development, Factor Analysis, Factor Structure
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A