ERIC Number: EJ1024820
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 56
Improving Students' Diagram Comprehension with Classroom Instruction
Cromley, Jennifer G.; Perez, Tony C.; Fitzhugh, Shannon L.; Newcombe, Nora S.; Wills, Theodore W.; Tanaka, Jacqueline C.
Journal of Experimental Education, v81 n4 p511-537 2013
The authors tested whether students can be taught to better understand conventional representations in diagrams, photographs, and other visual representations in science textbooks. The authors developed a teacher-delivered, workbook-and-discussion-based classroom instructional method called Conventions of Diagrams (COD). The authors trained 1 experienced teacher to deliver COD to two 10th-grade biology classes ("n" = 31) and compared gains in diagram comprehension from COD to those from a business-as-usual control condition ("n" = 30) in 2 classrooms taught by the same teacher. Students in the COD condition showed statistically significantly greater growth in comprehension of literal and inferential biology diagrams. The control condition in some cases advantaged high-spatial, high-knowledge students, whereas the COD condition for the most part did not. Entries in the COD workbooks were analyzed for amount of student effort. Students with a combination of low pretest biology knowledge and low effort showed much lower gains from pretest to posttest on the inferential biology diagrams measure than did other students in the COD condition.
Descriptors: Visual Aids, Textbooks, Biology, Grade 10, Learning Processes, Prior Learning, Spatial Ability, Short Term Memory, Teaching Methods, Comprehension, Hypothesis Testing, Public Schools, Urban Schools, Low Income Groups, High School Students, Visual Perception, Evaluation Methods, Workbooks, Statistical Analysis, Pretests Posttests, Science Instruction, Statistical Significance, Correlation, Earth Science, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Discussion (Teaching Technique)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 10; Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A