ERIC Number: EJ1024614
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 39
Predictors of Sun-Related Behaviors among Young Women: Comparisons between Outdoor Tanners, Fake Tanners, and Tan Avoiders
Day, Ashley K.; Oxlad, Melissa; Roberts, Rachel M.
Journal of American College Health, v61 n6 p315-322 2013
Objective: Skin cancer incidence continues to rise as a tanned appearance remains desirable, particularly among young women. Fake tanning provides a tanned appearance without exposure to ultraviolet radiation. In order to advance our understanding of the factors that contribute to long-term behavior change, this study explores determinants associated with different types of tanning. Participants: The sample included 162 female students from the University of Adelaide, Australia, aged 18-26 years. Data were collected in July 2010. Methods: The current study measured differences in skin type, skin cancer knowledge, unrealistic optimism, appearance motivation, and sun-protective and sun exposure behaviors amongst outdoor tanners, fake tanners, and tan avoiders through an online survey. Results: Differences were observed for skin type, skin cancer knowledge, unrealistic optimism, sun protection, and sun exposure. Conclusions: A "one-size-fits-all" approach to skin cancer prevention may not be appropriate; type of tanning behavior may need to be considered in health promotion work.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Students, Females, Health Behavior, Behavior Change, Predictor Variables, Comparative Analysis, Online Surveys, Student Surveys, Cancer, Knowledge Level, Age Differences, Motivation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia