ERIC Number: EJ1024596
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 61
Neonatal Intensive-Care Unit Graduates Show Persistent Difficulties in an Intradimensional Shift Card Sort
Kittler, Phyllis M.; Brooks, Patricia J.; Rossi, Vanessa; Karmel, Bernard Z.; Gardner, Judith M.; Flory, Michael J.
Journal of Cognition and Development, v14 n4 p633-650 2013
Neonatal intensive-care unit (NICU) graduates, a group at risk for attention problems and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, performed an intradimensional shift card sort at 34, 42, 51, and 60 months to assess executive function and to examine effects of individual risk factors. In the "silly" game, children sorted cards (airplanes and dogs) so they were not the same as targets. In the "same" game, they did the opposite. Performance on the "silly" game was poor, especially when it was presented first. Success in following "silly" game rules improved with age and was significantly linked to maternal education and birth weight for gestational age, a measure of intrauterine stress. Degree of central nervous system injury differentiated children who completed the task from children who did not, and it also affected the need to repeat instructions in the "same" game. These results confirm an increased likelihood of impairments in executive function during preschool years in NICU graduates.
Descriptors: Neonates, Hospitalized Children, Injuries, Neurological Impairments, At Risk Persons, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Mothers, Birth, Body Weight, Educational Attainment, Task Analysis, Executive Function, Games, Prenatal Influences, Preschool Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A