ERIC Number: EJ1024236
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
Do They Make a Difference? The Impact of English Language Programs on Second Language Students in Canadian Universities
Fox, Janna; Cheng, Liying; Zumbo, Bruno D.
TESOL Quarterly: A Journal for Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages and of Standard English as a Second Dialect, v48 n1 p57-85 Mar 2014
Few studies have investigated the impact of English language programs on second language (L2) students studying in Canadian universities (Cheng & Fox, 2008; Fox, 2005, 2009). This article reports on questionnaire responses of 641 L2 students studying in 36 English language programs in 26 Canadian universities. The researchers identified programs by their activity emphasis as either English as a second language (ESL) or English for academic purposes (EAP). Activity emphasizing speaking, social interaction, and general language development was viewed as ESL, whereas activity that emphasized academic reading, writing, and language development was considered EAP. The researchers used structural equation modeling procedures to examine the network of relationships between language program emphasis and participants' background characteristics in influencing academic and social engagement. A model of "moderated mediation" (Wu & Zumbo, 2008) was confirmed; that is, language program activities were found to account for variation in strategies which mediated academic and social engagement. However, the impact was moderated (lessened or strengthened) by three personal background factors: anxiety, stress, and motivation. This study refines our understanding of the positive impact of ESL and EAP programs on L2 university students' academic and social engagement.
Descriptors: Second Language Programs, Second Language Learning, Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), Undergraduate Students, Correlation, English for Special Purposes, Questionnaires, Student Attitudes, Structural Equation Models, Academic Discourse, Writing Skills, Student Characteristics, Student Motivation, Stress Variables, Anxiety, College Students, Learner Engagement
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Publication Type: Reports - Research; Journal Articles; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada