ERIC Number: EJ1024069
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 67
Cooperative Learning and Literacy: A Meta-Analytic Review
Puzio, Kelly; Colby, Glenn T.
Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, v6 n4 p339-360 2013
We conducted a meta-analysis on the effectiveness of cooperative and collaborative learning to support enhanced literacy outcomes. Interventions considered were provided in regular education settings (i.e., not pull-out instruction) with students from Grades 2 through 12. Reviewing more than 30 years of literacy research, we located 18 intervention studies with 29 study cohorts. Included studies primarily used standardized assessments to report on students' reading, vocabulary, or comprehension achievement, which we analyzed separately. Overall, students had significantly higher literacy achievement scores when instructional interventions utilized cooperative and collaborative activity structures. The overall weighted mean effect sizes ranged from 0.16 to 0.22 ("p" < 0.01) with more than 94% of the point estimates being positive. Because cooperative or collaborative learning was always one of multiple intervention components, it was impossible to estimate the unique, added effects of cooperative/collaborative learning. Although the small number of eligible studies precludes any claims about the effectiveness of specific forms of grouping and the circumstances under which programs have more impact, our findings suggest that cooperative and collaborative grouping was a core component of effective literacy interventions, particularly at the elementary level.
Descriptors: Literature Reviews, Meta Analysis, Cooperative Learning, Literacy, Intervention, Elementary Secondary Education, Cohort Analysis, Standardized Tests, Reading Achievement, Vocabulary, Reading Comprehension, Instructional Effectiveness, Effect Size, Grouping (Instructional Purposes), Bias, Statistical Significance
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A