ERIC Number: EJ1024002
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Peers' Perceptions of Gender Nonconformity: Associations with Overt and Relational Peer Victimization and Aggression in Early Adolescence
Toomey, Russell B.; Card, Noel A.; Casper, Deborah M.
Journal of Early Adolescence, v34 n4 p463-485 May 2014
The current study used reports from 318 early adolescents to examine the associations of peer-reported gender nonconformity with peer- and self-reported overt and relational victimization and aggression, and possible sex differences in these associations. Multiple-group structural equation modeling revealed that higher levels of peer-reported gender nonconformity were associated with higher self- and peer-reports of overt and relational victimization and aggression among males and females. The association between peer-reported gender nonconformity and peer-reported overt aggression was moderated by participant sex, such that the association was stronger for females compared to males. Results suggest that perceived gender nonconformity is associated with problematic peer relations, especially among females, in early adolescence and implications of these associations are discussed.
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Bullying, Victims, Aggression, Sexual Identity, Gender Differences, Correlation, Early Adolescents, Structural Equation Models, Middle School Students, Grade 6, Grade 7, Physical Characteristics, Peer Acceptance, Measurement, Factor Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Grade 6; Grade 7
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A