ERIC Number: EJ1023972
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 54
Comparing Language Use in the Writing of Developmental Generation 1.5, L1, and L2 Tertiary Students
Doolan, Stephen M.
Written Communication, v31 n2 p215-247 Apr 2014
Developmental composition courses serve a sizable and growing number of Generation 1.5 students, or long-term U.S. resident language learners, and it is believed that language challenges may be part of Generation 1.5 writers' difficulty in controlling the academic register. The current study investigates possible similarities and differences between Generation 1.5 students ("n" = 149) and two other student groups: mainstream first language (L1) writers ("n" = 203) and more traditional second language (L2) writers ("n" = 55), thus determining the extent to which language-use variables distinguish Generation 1.5 texts from those of their classmates. Results indicate significant differences between Generation 1.5 and L2 students on holistic writing quality, word errors, word class errors, verb errors, total identified errors, and spoken features of language. Generation 1.5 and L1 texts significantly differed on academic features of language. Implications are presented, suggesting that developmental Generation 1.5 writing may be more similar to L1 writing than has been previously reported.
Descriptors: Writing Difficulties, Student Characteristics, Comparative Analysis, English (Second Language), English Language Learners, Native Speakers, Language Usage, Writing Skills, Error Patterns, Vocabulary, Verbs, Written Language, Speech Communication, Error Analysis (Language), Immigration, College Students, Basic Writing, Developmental Studies Programs, Scripts, Surveys, Writing Assignments, Prompting, Grammar, Spelling, Form Classes (Languages), Multivariate Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Flesch Kincaid Grade Level Formula; Test of English as a Foreign Language; Test of Written English