ERIC Number: EJ1023779
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Bone Mineral Density in Adults With Down Syndrome, Intellectual Disability, and Nondisabled Adults
Geijer, Justin R.; Stanish, Heidi I.; Draheim, Christopher C.; Dengel, Donald R.
American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, v119 n2 p107-114 Mar 2014
Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) or Down syndrome (DS) may be at greater risk of osteoporosis. The purpose of this study was to compare bone mineral density (BMD) of DS, ID, and non-intellectually disabled (NID) populations. In each group, 33 participants between the ages of 28 and 60 years were compared. BMD was measured with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans. BMD ("p" < 0.0001) between all groups was significantly different. Participants with DS had significantly lower BMD compared to NID participants. Individuals with ID had significantly lower BMD compared to NID subjects. Participants with DS had the lowest BMD of all groups. DS subjects display a greater risk for osteoporosis than ID subjects or control populations.
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Down Syndrome, At Risk Persons, Human Body, Comparative Analysis, Adults, Radiology, Body Composition, Anatomy
American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. P.O. Box 1897, Lawrence, KS 66044-1897. Tel: 785-843-1235; Fax: 785-843-1274; e-mail: AJMR@allenpress.com; Web site: http://aaidd.allenpress.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A