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ERIC Number: EJ1023769
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-May
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0198-7429
Disproportionality of English Learners with Emotional and/or Behavioral Disorders: A Comparative Meta-Analysis with English Learners with Learning Disabilities
Gage, Nicholas; Gersten, Russell; Sugai, George; Newman-Gonchar, Rebecca
Behavioral Disorders, v38 n3 p123-136 May 2013
Disproportionate representation of English learners in special education has been a longstanding and ongoing concern. However, research examining disproportionate representation of English learners receiving special education services for emotional and/or behavioral disorders (EBD) has been limited. To address this gap, a meta-analysis of disproportionate representation of English learners in the EBD category was conducted and the results were compared with same sample results for students receiving special education services for learning disabilities (LD). Based on five studies, the results of the meta-analysis indicate that English learners are disproportionately underrepresented in the EBD category generally and when compared with students in the LD category. Differences in odds ratios were found across educational contexts (i.e., school-level, district-level, state-level, and nationally), indicating different patterns of representation. Implications and potential reasons for disproportionality are discussed.
Council for Children with Behavioral Disorders. Council for Exceptional Children, 1110 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201-5704. Tel: 612-276-0140; Fax: 612-276-0142; Web site:
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R324B080007