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ERIC Number: EJ1023562
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0270-1367
Recovering Physical Activity Missing Data Measured by Accelerometers: A Comparison of Individual and Group-Centered Recovery Methods
Zhuang, Jie; Chen, Peijie; Wang, Chao; Jin, Jing; Zhu, Zheng; Zhang, Wenjie
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v84 suppl 2 pS48-S55 2013
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine which method, individual information-centered (IIC) or group information-centered (GIC), is more efficient in recovering missing physical activity (PA) data. Method: A total of 2,758 Chinese children and youth aged 9 to 17 years old (1,438 boys and 1,320 girls) wore ActiGraph GT3X/GT3X+ accelerometers for 7 consecutive days. Those with no missing data ("n" = 900) were used to form a nonmissing sample, which, based on a semisimulation approach, was used to create a missing data set to evaluate a set of recovery methods, including 2 IIC and 22 GIC methods. Root mean square difference (RMSD), mean signed difference, and paired "t" test were used to determine the effectiveness of the recovery methods. Results: The smallest RMSD values, which represent the most accurate recovery, were found with: (a) GIC-Expectation--maximization (GIC-EM) regardless of gender and by age (113,957.64); (b) GIC-EM regardless of gender and age (114,367.88); (c) GIC-EM regardless of age and by gender (114,697.06); (d) GIC-EM by gender and age (116,178.34); and (e) IIC averaging of remaining days (125,851.23). Conclusion: To recover 7-day PA accelerometer-determined activity missing data, we recommend using the GIC-EM and IIC approaches.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A