ERIC Number: EJ1023428
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 38
Testing Social-Cognitive Theory to Explain Physical Activity Change in Adolescent Girls from Low-Income Communities
Dewar, Deborah L.; Plotnikoff, Ronald C.; Morgan, Philip J.; Okely, Anthony D.; Costigan, Sarah A.; Lubans, David R.
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v84 n4 p483-491 2013
Purpose: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesized structural paths in Bandura's social-cognitive theory (SCT) model on adolescent girls' physical activity following a 12-month physical activity and dietary intervention to prevent obesity. Method: We conducted a 12-month follow-up study of 235 adolescent girls ("M[subscript age]" = 13.2 years, "SD" = 0.4) from 12 secondary schools located in low-income communities. At baseline, participants completed SCT scales related to physical activity (i.e., self-efficacy, intention, parental support, and outcome expectations). At baseline and 12-month follow-up (postintervention), participants wore accelerometers for 7 days. Structural equation modeling was used to determine if Time 1 measures predicted physical activity at 12-month follow-up after adjusting for baseline activity. Results: The model explained 28% and 34% of the variance in physical activity and intention, respectively. Model fit indexes indicated the data were a good fit to the model; however, only self-efficacy was associated with physical activity at 12 months. There was no support for intention or outcome expectations as proximal determinants of behavior. Self-efficacy was associated with outcome expectations and parental support; however, only outcome expectations predicted intention. Conclusions: Current findings indicate a large proportion of the variance for physical activity and intention remains unexplained and that the proposed pathways in the SCT model were not fully supported. Future model testing may need to consider augmentation or integration of theoretical models, which may include ecological components if we are to advance our understanding of physical activity behavior in this subgroup of the adolescent population.
Descriptors: Social Cognition, Social Theories, Adolescents, Females, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Dietetics, Intervention, Eating Habits, Prevention, Obesity, Followup Studies, Secondary School Students, Low Income Groups, Individual Characteristics, Health Behavior, At Risk Persons, Foreign Countries, Nutrition, Intention, Self Efficacy, Parent Influence
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia