ERIC Number: EJ1023380
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 36
The Impact of Achievement Goals on Cardiorespiratory Fitness: Does Self-Efficacy Make a Difference?
Gao, Zan; Xiang, Ping; Lochbaum, Marc; Guan, Jianmin
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v84 n3 p313-322 2013
Purpose: The relationships among students' self-efficacy, 2 × 2 achievement goals (mastery-approach [MAp], mastery-avoidance [MAv], performance-approach [PAp], and performance-avoidance goals), and achievement performance remain largely unanswered. We tested a model of the mediating role of self-efficacy on the relationship between 2 × 2 achievement goals and cardiorespiratory fitness. Method: A sample of 276 middle school students (115 boys and 161 girls; 91 sixth graders, 87 seventh graders, and 98 eighth graders), aged 12 to 15 years (M [subscript age] = 13.34, "SD" = 0.96), responded to the Achievement Goals Questionnaire (Conroy, Elliot, & Hofer, 2003) and Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (Gao, Newton, & Carson, 2008) referenced to the fitness test. Their cardiorespiratory fitness was assessed via the Progressive Aerobic Cardiorespiratory Endurance Run (PACER) 3 days later. Results: Structural equation modeling demonstrated an acceptable model fit to the data, ?[superscript 2] (2, "N" = 105) = 1.66. Self-efficacy had a statistically significant direct effect on the PACER after controlling for the effects of the achievement goals (Upsilon[subscript "self-efficacy-PACER"] = 0.21). MAv and PAp also had direct effects on PACER performance (Upsilon[subscript "MAv-PACER"] = -0.24, and Upsilon[subscript "PAp-PACER"] = 0.24, respectively). MAp failed to exert direct effect on the PACER. However, the indirect effect of MAp on the PACER via self-efficacy was small although it was statistically significant. Additionally, the indirect effects of MAv and PAp on PACER through self-efficacy were not significant. Conclusions: Students' self-efficacy fully mediated the effect of MAp on fitness performance, as well as partially mediated the effects of MAv and PAp on cardiorespiratory fitness performance. Study implications are provided for educators and practitioners.
Descriptors: Achievement Need, Self Efficacy, Metabolism, Exercise Physiology, Health Related Fitness, Middle School Students, Questionnaires, Structural Equation Models, Goal Orientation, Physical Education, Beliefs, Student Surveys, Minimum Competency Testing
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Grade 8; Grade 7; Grade 6
Authoring Institution: N/A