ERIC Number: EJ1023259
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Quality of Implementation of a School Mental Health Initiative and Changes over Time in Students' Social and Emotional Competencies
Askell-Williams, Helen; Dix, Katherine L.; Lawson, Michael J.; Slee, Phillip T.
School Effectiveness and School Improvement, v24 n3 p357-381 2013
This paper reports the theoretical conceptualisation, statistical development, and application of an Implementation Index to evaluate the quality of implementation of the KidsMatter Primary school mental health initiative in Australia. Questionnaires were received from the parents and teachers of almost 5000 students, and also from KidsMatter project officers. A conceptual framework of fidelity, dosage, and delivery guided the selection of questionnaire items to create the Implementation Index, which was refined using Latent Class Analysis. Schools' scores on the Index were classified into high, average, and low implementation categories. Profiles of high- and low-implementing schools provided insights into the characteristics of successful and less successful implementation. Next, hierarchical linear modelling showed that children's social and emotional competencies significantly improved over time in average- and high-implementing schools, but not in low-implementing schools. The Implementation Index can inform areas for attention in health promotion initiatives and can provide a framework for future evaluations.
Descriptors: Mental Health Programs, Program Implementation, Program Effectiveness, Questionnaires, Test Construction, Health Promotion, Program Evaluation, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Intervention, Item Analysis, Emotional Development, Interpersonal Competence, Social Development, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Reports - Research; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A