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ERIC Number: EJ1023241
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 6
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-0892-4562
Bully Prevention in the Physical Education Classroom
Fuller, Brett; Gulbrandson, Kim; Herman-Ukasick, Beth
Strategies: A Journal for Physical and Sport Educators, v26 n6 p3-8 2013
Bullying takes on many forms and occurs in all classrooms, and the activities found in physical education often provide fertile ground for these behaviors. For example, dodgeball is often played in physical education settings, even though the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance has clearly stated that dodgeball is not appropriate for K-12 physical education (NASPE, 2006). Physical education activities often require some level of physical contact, which can make it difficult for teachers to recognize that some of the physical contact is actually bullying. When physical contact is a required aspect of the activity, teachers need to be able to determine whether the contact is appropriate or whether it is being used to intimidate. There are two components of bullying that are evident in nearly all school settings, including physical education: Teachers are often unaware that bullying is occurring, and activity choices can encourage bullying behavior. Although the activities themselves may not promote bullying (team handball, for example), the way they are set up by the teacher and the way they are coached can increase the likelihood that a student will use the opportunity to bully a peer. Teachers are not always sensitive to the undercurrent of social status and peer pressure that occurs among students, and often, inadvertently, they help students to wield their power over others. This may be done in the process of choosing teams (social exclusion), using the physical nature of the game (hitting, tripping, and charging), and not recognizing teasing and name calling for what it is (using language to intimidate another). The greatest impact of bullying on victims is usually not the physical but the emotional pain. Recognizing the physical educator's role in creating an inclusive and supportive environment for all students is the first step in dealing with bullying behavior. This article provides teachers with some basic information about recognizing bullying and strategies to address bullying behavior in their classes and school.
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Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A