ERIC Number: EJ1023194
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 61
High School Sports Participation and Substance Use: Differences by Sport, Race, and Gender
Denham, Bryan E.
Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, v23 n3 p145-154 2014
Drawing on data gathered in the 2009 Monitoring the Future study of American youth, and controlling for race and noncompetitive exercise frequency, this research examined the explanatory effects of competitive sports participation on alcohol consumption and marijuana use as well as the nonmedical use of prescription pain relievers among American high school seniors. Also including a self-esteem index in multivariate analysis of covariance equations, the study found that, among males, football players used all three substances at comparably high levels. In addition, females with comparably low levels of self-esteem smoked marijuana and used prescription drugs more frequently. Limitations of the study and recommendations for future research are offered.
Descriptors: Competition, Athletics, Student Participation, Athletes, Substance Abuse, Racial Differences, Gender Differences, Drinking, Drug Abuse, Marijuana, High School Seniors, Self Esteem, Multivariate Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Grade 12; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A