ERIC Number: EJ1023178
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
Observational Learning by Individuals with Autism: A Review of Teaching Strategies
Plavnick, Joshua B.; Hume, Kara A.
Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, v18 n4 p458-466 May 2014
Observational learning is the process used to explain the acquisition of novel behaviors or performance of previously acquired behaviors under novel conditions after observing the behavior of another person and the consequences that follow the behavior. Many learners with autism do not attend to environmental stimuli at a level sufficient to learn a range of prosocial behaviors through observation of others. Modeling, group or dyadic instruction, and explicit observation training can improve the extent to which individuals with autism learn through observation. This article reviews previous research that involved observational learning by individuals with autism and outlines future research that could benefit instructional practices.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Observational Learning, Modeling (Psychology), Group Instruction, Imitation, Direct Instruction, Teaching Methods, Video Technology, Educational Research, Behavior, Children
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
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