ERIC Number: EJ1023065
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 52
From Scratch to Notch: Understanding Private Tutoring Metamorphosis in the Philippines from the Perspectives of Cram School and Formal School Administrators
de Castro, Belinda V.; de Guzman, Allan B.
Education and Urban Society, v46 n3 p287-311 May 2014
Although there is considerable anecdotal evidence that the scale of private tutoring is substantial in the Philippines, attempts to document its existence is limited. Using phenomenological inquiry, this study aimed to provide a more eidetic portrait of private tutoring transformation in the Philippines from the perspectives and collective experiences of 11 cram school and formal school administrators from 3 key urban cities in the country. Using a dendrogram, semistructured interviews surfaced three distinct syndromes describing the dynamics of private tutoring phenomenon, namely, the lean on, pass on, and ride on syndromes of private tutoring. Through the years, private tutoring was able to secure its own market niche at the fringes of the mainstream education system and has become more entrenched in Philippine society.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Tutoring, Phenomenology, Urban Schools, Semi Structured Interviews, Educational Administration, Public Education, Private Education, High Stakes Tests, Qualitative Research, Principals, Teaching Styles, Parent Attitudes, Academic Achievement, Tutors, High School Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Philippines