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ERIC Number: EJ1023039
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 71
ISSN: ISSN-0363-4523
Instructors' Positive Emotions: Effects on Student Engagement and Critical Thinking in U.S. and Chinese Classrooms
Zhang, Qin; Zhang, Jibiao
Communication Education, v62 n4 p395-411 2013
In this study, we used the broaden-and-build theory and emotional response theory as the framework to examine the effects of instructors' positive emotions on student engagement and critical thinking in U.S. and Chinese classrooms, as well as the mediating role of students' positive emotions in their relationships. MANOVA results revealed no significant cultural differences in student reports of their instructors' and their own positive emotions across the two cultures, but instructors from both cultures displayed more positive emotions than what students felt or experienced in the classroom. Hierarchical regression analyses results also showed that instructors' positive emotions had positive effects on student behavioral and cognitive engagement and critical thinking in both cultures, but the effects were largely mediated by students' positive emotions. Consequently, this study highlights the importance of instructors' and students' positive emotions in the classroom.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire