ERIC Number: EJ1022786
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 63
Aggressive, Delinquent, and Violent Outcomes of School Bullying: Do Family and Individual Factors Have a Protective Function?
Lösel, Friedrich; Bender, Doris
Journal of School Violence, v13 n1 p59-79 2014
Bullying perpetration at school is a long-term predictor of aggression, delinquency, and violence. Most research concentrates on risk factors for such developments, whereas protective factors have been rarely addressed. Therefore, the present study investigates potentially protective effects of family and child characteristics in a prospective longitudinal design. The sample contained 519 youngsters (253 boys and 266 girls) from the Erlangen-Nuremberg Development and Prevention Study. Bullying perpetration was measured at age 9.0 years, mothers' and children's reports on family and individual characteristics were collected at age 10.6, and outcomes in self-reported aggressive/violent offending and mother-reported aggressive and delinquent behavior were collected at age 13.7. Hierarchical regression analyses revealed main effects and interactions. The latter suggest buffering protective effects of consistent discipline in parenting and children's intelligence, positive attitude to school, prosocial behavior skills, low hyperactivity/inattention, and an anxious/depressive mood. The findings varied across the two outcome measures and with regard to gender. Implications for further research and prevention practice are discussed.
Descriptors: Bullying, Aggression, Delinquency, Violence, Family Influence, Individual Characteristics, Resilience (Psychology), Longitudinal Studies, Foreign Countries, Preadolescents, Early Adolescents, Social Behavior, Hyperactivity, Attention, Anxiety, Depression (Psychology), Gender Differences, Antisocial Behavior, Questionnaires, Socioeconomic Status, Family Structure, School Attitudes, Parenting Styles, Intelligence, Elementary School Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children