NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1022778
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1538-8220
A Multilevel Cross-National Analysis of Direct and Indirect Forms of School Violence
Agnich, Laura E.; Miyazaki, Yasuo
Journal of School Violence, v12 n4 p319-339 2013
The detrimental effects of school violence on students' physical and emotional health are well studied, and research has shown that school violence affects students in every nation across the globe. However, few cross-national studies have compared direct, physical forms of school violence to indirect, emotional forms such as teasing. Using multilevel linear analysis, the factors that predict the levels of both direct and indirect school violence in 36 nations as reported by eighth graders in the 2007 Trends in International Math and Science Study (TIMSS) are examined and compared. The national and school level of students' math achievement predict direct violence, along with schools' level of achievement variation and age composition, while the size of the school and eighth grade, percent female students, national level of low SES students, and schools' linguistic heterogeneity are linked to the level of indirect violence in schools across nations.
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 8; Middle Schools; Junior High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Africa; Asia; Australia; Canada
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study