ERIC Number: EJ1022746
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
The Impact of Developmental Mathematics Courses and Age, Gender, and Race and Ethnicity on Persistence and Academic Performance in Virginia Community Colleges
Wolfle, James D.; Williams, Mitchell R.
Community College Journal of Research and Practice, v38 n2-3 p144-153 2014
This research study examined the 2006 cohort of First-Time-in-College students from all 23 community colleges in Virginia. The goal was to examine fall-to-fall persistence and success in the first college-level mathematics course. Predictor variables used were developmental status, age, gender, and race and ethnicity of the student. Interaction variables were created to determine if age, race and ethnicity, or gender moderates the effects of developmental status for both persistence and success. And a model was created using all main and interaction predictor variables to determine to what extent each variable accounts for persistence and success. It was found that neither gender nor race and ethnicity moderates developmental status for either persistence or success, but age moderates both success and persistence. Developmental courses are more effective for traditionally aged students and developmental courses are positively related to the persistence of nontraditionally aged students and negatively related to the persistence of traditionally aged students. The predictor variables developmental status, age, race and ethnicity, and gender are all significantly related to both the success and persistence of students. The effect of developmental status on both success and persistence is weak. Nondevelopmental status, female, nontraditionally aged, and non-Black race and ethnicity are all positively related to the success of students. Nondevelopmental status, female, traditionally aged, non-White and non-Black race and ethnicities are all positively related to the fall-to-fall persistence of students.
Descriptors: Developmental Programs, Mathematics Instruction, Age Differences, Gender Differences, Racial Differences, Ethnicity, Academic Persistence, Academic Achievement, Community Colleges, Two Year College Students, Predictor Variables, Correlation, Nontraditional Students, Regression (Statistics), College Mathematics
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Publication Type: Reports - Research; Journal Articles
Education Level: Postsecondary Education; Two Year Colleges
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Virginia