ERIC Number: EJ1022668
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 25
Is Perception of a Dance Phrase Affected by Physical Movement Training and Experience?
Henley, Matthew Kenney
Research in Dance Education, v15 n1 p71-82 2014
Recent neuroimaging evidence has suggested that expert dancers have stronger activation than novices in areas of parietal cortex while watching dance. The role of parietal cortex in the processing of spatial information could suggest that expert dancers are more attuned than novice dancers to spatial cues while watching dance. Instead of focusing on the perceiving of the expert, this study sought to extend the findings from neuroscience by assessing what is consciously perceived by the expert. Twelve expert and 12 novice dancers watched a 30 s contemporary dance phrase and then completed a questionnaire that assessed memory in four different categories: Shape, Space, Time, and Effort. Results showed that, overall, experts recalled the phrase with greater accuracy than novices. It was further shown that there was a statistically significant difference between novices and experts in accuracy of recall in the category of Space. This difference was not present in any of the other three categories. Implications on deliberate practice in dance education and the broader role of spatial awareness in theories of simulation are discussed.
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests, Dance, Novices, Specialists, Movement Education, Cognitive Processes, Spatial Ability, Questionnaires, Recall (Psychology), Simulation, Accuracy, Theories, Comparative Analysis, Dance Education, College Faculty, Graduate Students, Video Technology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A