ERIC Number: EJ1022057
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 28
Centenarian Self-Perceptions of Factors Responsible for Attainment of Extended Health and Longevity
Freeman, Shannon; Garcia, John; Marston, Hannah R.
Educational Gerontology, v39 n10 p717-728 2013
Pathways healthy and physically functional centenarians take to achieve advanced old age have fascinated mankind for centuries. This hermeneutic phenomenological study documents characteristics perceived by centenarians as important and central to their attainment of advanced longevity. Secondary data including written transcripts and audio and video interviews were collected from the Internet for 19 centenarians ranging in age from 100 to 115. Four themes were identified and described: (a) lifestyle choices, (b) community and environment, (c) goal setting and attainment, and (d) attitude towards life. Centenarians credited tangible, easily understood personal lifestyle choices for their attainment of advanced longevity. No consensus was found between the current analysis and major themes identified in a literature review from quantitative studies. Future research should include qualitative analysis utilizing primary interviews of centenarians and mixed methods studies designed to explore the differences between the current qualitative and quantitative research findings.
Descriptors: Self Concept, Hermeneutics, Phenomenology, Older Adults, Interviews, Life Style, Video Technology, Audio Equipment, Internet, Goal Orientation, Qualitative Research, Statistical Analysis, Health Behavior, Attitudes, Spiritual Development, Community Involvement
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A